Linux Mint Debian Edition 3

Note: since Debian has Cinnamon built-in as a desktop choice on install, and since the rest of Mint is Ubuntu or Debian (LMDE), it seems a bit nonsensical to go Mint when I can go Debian +Cinnamon.

This document will be somewhat regularly updated with information, and will start out sparse.

  • Debian installation with Gnome3 is such a shit show. Sorry guys but way too unpolished, as in unclean.
  • On the other hand, I've got excellent timing with the LMDE3 beta release on 31-July-2018. Here it is 31-August-2018 and I'm completely impressed with Linux Mint Cinnamon on Debian 9. This is they way things ought to be. Coming from OSX 10.10 (Yosemite) and also having spent a bit of time in ChromeOS 69-70, I have to say that Linux Mint Cinnamon on Debian is just simply way, better. In fact, it really should take on another acronym of the same name, LMDE - Lunar Module Descent Engine. The metaphor of the Pintile Injector completes the picture. Debian and its accompanying applications is the fuel and Linux Mint / Cinnamon is the oxidizer. Together there is kick ass and elegant movement, dancing among the stars.

Note: for parallel reasons, I'm also moving over to Debian from my standard CentOS and Amazon Linux distributions. CentOS I've used for a while, and it is the basis of Amazon Linux. However, Amazon isn't really the greatest cloud provider and their customer service is in the toilet these days. On the other hand, the Linux Containers running on ChromeOS are Debian, so that is where I am headed. In addition, Debian is of course one of the major distributions and is available on most cloud platforms. Debian 8 on Amazon Lightsail and Linux Mint Debian Edition (Debian 9) on the desktop. A most delightful set of twins.

Debian Application Management

apt, apt-get, .deb, Software Center, flatpack, .appimage

Standard package management can be done from apt-get or aptitude in Debian. Both are interfaces into apt. Installation using .deb files while possible, doesn't make as much sense.

apt-get is the standard command-line interface to apt (Advanced Package Tool) package management for updating Debian and applications, akin to yum in the CentOS world. Note that apt-get is the most popular tool for package management.

aptitude is another front-end to apt.

Actually, apt is pretty much what one wants to use on the command line, and then the Software Center (sometimes with flatpack) as a second choice, and .deb downloadable installations when necessary.

See these clarifying remarks re: apt vs. apt-get.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt dist-upgrade
sudo apt autoremove

Debian File System and Directory Structure

Security and Accounts

By default the root login is disabled, which if there is a need to emergency boot, will cause no end of headaches. Undo that:

sudo su

Applications Installed and To Install

Pre-Installed Apps on LMDE

Pre-installed with LMDE3 are quite a few applications, applets, and the like. The ones we prefer to use include:

  • GIMP
  • Libre Office
  • Transmission
  • Openssh-client

Apps to Install on LMDE

There are many to install, and they are installed in a variety of ways. We prefer to use the Software Center when possible, apt-get when not, and .deb files when neither of the first two are available.

Software Center Apps

  • Telegram Desktop (secure messenger)
  • Inkscape (svg/vector graphics)
  • Audacity (audio editor)
  • Filezilla (sftp)
  • KeepassXC (password/OTP utility)
  • Calibre (ebook/document library)
  • Autossh (autorestart ssh)
  • Shotcut (video editor)
  • Gtkpod (ipod manager)
  • VLC (video player)
  • Praat (speech analysis)
  • MuseScore (sheet music)
  • Quod Libet (music player)
  • Stellarium (sky generator)

Apt-Get Apps

  • htop
  • ncdu

.Deb GDebi Package Installer Apps

  • Atom Editor
  • Chrome Browser
  • Insync (GSuite Drive File Sync)

Install Script Installer Apps and Drivers

  • Printer driver
  • Scanner

.appimage Apps

  • LMMS

Apps to Remove from Software Manager

  • Rhythmbox

Configuration Issues

There are various tweaks and whatnot. It is simplest to go through Settings, Applets, and Panel systematically, also turn on the Firewall and set the Windows/Command key to Control in the Keyboard if using external keyboards of that ilk; enable additional keyboards as well.

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